Legal guardianship in Arizona | senior planning (2023)

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Legal guardianship in Arizona | senior planning (1)

As an Arizona Certified Legal Document Preparer, Senior Planning assists with the preparation and filing of guardianship and guardianship petitions for a family member or loved one.

If you are already familiar with what guardianship is, you can skip ahead toHow can professional document preparers help?

What is adult guardianship?

If someone does not have power of attorney and is not mentally competent to sign it, guardianship may be necessary if you want to apply for benefits or run your business. Another situation where it may be necessary is if a loved one has Alzheimer's disease or dementia and your doctor has recommended guardianship for safety. As a document preparer, Senior Planning cannot tell you whether this process is right for you, but we can provide information to help you make decisions and answer any questions you may have.

When you become the guardian of a person with dementia, you are given rights similar to the rights a parent has with their child. You will be able to manage your financial and health decisions.

What is the difference between guardianship and guardianship?

Guardianship allows someone to take control and make decisions on behalf of another person regarding health and well-being, while guardianship primarily relates to the person's financial affairs.

What is minor guardianship?

Sometimes, whether by choice or necessity, a child must be placed in the care of someone other than the parent. Calledguardianship of minor🇧🇷 In order for this person to have parental-like rights, he must apply to the court to become a legal guardian. Guardianship rights include, but are not limited to, making medical, educational, nutritional, and housing decisions. A guardian can perform many of the same functions as a parent, but this should not be confused with child custody. A guardian is not always legally responsible for child support, especially if there is already a child support court order for the non-custodial parent. However, a guardian is liable for minor misconduct or damage, up to the first $10,000 in damages.

(Video) What is An Arizona Adult Guardianship? | Berk Law Group, P.C.

Common rules for guardianship of minors:

  • If one parent owes child support but someone else has guardianship, they are still required to pay child support.
  • Except in the case of developmental disabilities, guardianship generally ends when the minor reaches the age of 18.
  • A parent can terminate guardianship at any time, for any reason, by petitioning the court again and scheduling a hearing.
  • If guardianship is granted, the parents' legal rights are not terminated, they are simply suspended.

Why apply for guardianship??

1. To care for an adult with a disability

In many cases, custody and/or guardianship is granted to parents of disabled adult children. As a parent, your main concern is that your children are healthy and well cared for. If they cannot make decisions about health, education or housing issues, it is in their best interest to have someone help them.

After your child turns 18, you can no longer legally make medical decisions for your child. If they are supervising or caring beyond the age of 18, it would be smart to file for guardianship. Many parents of adult children with traumatic brain injuries, Down syndrome, autism, and other developmental disabilities find it easier to provide adequate care if they are given custody of their children into adulthood.

2. Taking care of an elderly person

The unfortunate truth is that as our loved ones age, they often lose the ability to take care of themselves. When illnesses such as dementia, Alzheimer's, stroke and other conditions prevent a person from competently making their own decisions, it may be time to take the step towards guardianship. They will be able to make legal and medical decisions for you.

3. Caring for a child in an unsafe home

Although in most cases the state wants children to stay with their parents, this is not always the best option. Parents sometimes do not provide a safe, healthy or stable living situation. With parental consent, guardianship may be granted to any interested adult if a judge deems it to be in the child's best interest. Parental consent may not be required in extreme cases, such as abuse, excessive drug or alcohol use, or gross neglect. A judge may grant guardianship to someone other than the child's parents without parental consent in order to provide the child with a safer and more stable home.

4. To care for an orphaned child

One of the main reasons guardianship is filed in Arizona is when a relative requests guardianship after the death of a child's parents. Some parents name a guardian in their will, but others don't specify one, leaving the decision to friends, family and parents.courts.

5. To care for a child whose parents are unwilling or unable to do so

Not all parents are parents by choice. If one of the parents is unable or unwilling to care for their children and provide them with the basics (food, water, clothing and shelter), they can grant guardianship to another family member, such as a grandparent. Guardianship does not give up custody rights, but it does allow someone other than the parents to make decisions about health, finances, and education until the child turns eighteen.

(Video) How to Apply for an Adult Guardianship and Conservatorship

How to become a legal guardian

Many people mistakenly believe that there is an application that must be filled out in order to obtain guardianship. Unfortunately, that's not how the process works. To become a legal guardian in Arizona, you must petition theCutand attend a hearing. At the hearing, you must provide the court with documentation about the case. Only a judge can make someone a legal guardian. It must be demonstrated that it is in the best interest of all parties involved.

How do I get adult guardianship in Arizona?

Initially, you will need to file a petition for limited or general guardianship. After that, there will be at least one hearing. There must be a hearing in the county where the disabled adult lives, and it must be held in person. In some situations, the court may require bail from the guardian, but not in all situations.

Also, there is a substantial amount of paperwork involved along with court hearings. If you have any difficulty organizing large amounts of paperwork or managing deadlines and deadlines, it is in your best interest, as well as your case, to work with an experienced professional. However, a professional need not be a lawyer.

In Arizona, you can use a licensed document preparer, such as Senior Planning, to help you apply for guardianship. Although a document preparer cannot represent you in court or offer legal advice, many guardianship cases do not require representation in court. For those who thought about guardianship but didn't pursue it due to the cost, a legal document preparer is a much less expensive option than an attorney.

How do I get custody of a minor in AZ?

Anyone can apply to the court for custody of a minor; a legal guardian need not be a family member. The interested party must submit the corresponding documentation to the Probate Court or the Juvenile Court, depending on the region and situation. Perhaps most importantly, the interested party must legally notify who currently has custody or legal guardianship. If someone other than the parent has custody or guardianship, the living parents must also be notified at least sixty days prior to the hearing.

How long does it take to become a tutor in AZ?

Every situation is unique, so it can be difficult to predict deadlines and legal outcomes. For guardianships and permanent guardianships, the process can take months. In the emergency cases described above, a hearing can be held in a matter of days and a result can be achieved in weeks. Of course, this also depends on the court's current caseload and its ability to hear your case.

When considering any guardianship, make sure you can meet the needs of the ward in question. Ward safety will always be the highest priority in any guardianship decision, so come prepared to demonstrate that you will provide safer circumstances than the ward is currently experiencing. Before starting the guardianship process, it would be wise to consult a professional to ensure that your case is properly represented in court.

(Video) Arizona Guardianship | Elder Law Attorney | Arizona Law Doctor

What is guardianship?

More commonly,guardianshipsThey have to do with older people. However, a guardianship can be for a person of any age who is not competent enough to make financial decisions on their own. Although this article is about “What is guardianship”, guardianships go hand in hand with guardianships. Guardianship allows a court-appointed person to make decisions on behalf of another person. This individual can be a family member, but does not have to be. Despite our name, Senior Planning can help prepare a guardianship petition for a person of any age.

Guardianships can be temporary or permanent. When you receive guardianship, a judge gives you the power to make decisions for an incapacitated person or someone legally incapable of making their own decisions (such as a minor or someone with a developmental disability).

For older adults, many guardianship cases revolve around adults who are in a coma, have suffered a traumatic brain injury, or have dementia. If someone in your life has suffered a serious injury or illness that has resulted in them losing the ability to handle their finances, you might want to try becoming their guardian.

There are different types of guardianships that allow for different privileges, so make sure you apply for the correct type.

sole administrator guardianship

This type of guardianship is specific for minors. It is awarded to one parent upon divorce. They have the right to make all financial decisions. A single guardianship also determines where the child lives and gives one parent control over medical decisions and care. In addition, this parent will have the right to make decisions about the child's education.

Only one parent can have guardianship after a divorce, so if you want to be the only person making major decisions in your child's life, consider this option.

Emergency Guardianship and Emergency Guardianship

Guardianship and guardianship often require a lengthy legal process to ensure that everyone's rights are protected. However, the court recognizes that in some cases time is of the essence and a guardian should be appointed as soon as possible. In these cases, special circumstances justify the approval of aemergency guardquickly.

(Video) Phoenix, Arizona Probate Attorney, Guardianship & Conservator, & Estate Planning Law, Lawyer

To ensure a thorough review of each guardianship/retention case, the guardianship process often takes months. If you are concerned that this is not a realistic timeframe because the guardianship requires immediate attention, you can state that there are special circumstances in your guardianship or guardianship petition.

An emergency appointment may not be permanent, but it's a good way to ensure your loved one's immediate needs are met.

If you become someone's guardian or emergency trustee, your rights last for a short time. This non-permanence is to protect the student from being exploited. You can apply for an extension of your guardianship when the emergency period ends, but you will need to provide evidence to the court that the ward still requires an emergency guardian/ conservator while permanent proceedings are ongoing.

Typically, the conservator is notified 24 hours before the emergency hearing, but this may be omitted in severe cases. If death or financial damage is imminent, an immediate registration may be your best option.

What special circumstances require emergency guardianship?

The necessary circumstances for an emergency guardian revolve around impending negative events and potential injuries. When would an emergency hearing take place?

  • Immediate bodily injury is one of the most compelling reasons for emergency guardianship. If the person in question could be injured or live in an unsafe environment, a judge may grant an emergency hearing.
  • If a person needs to be removed from their current situation to avoid bodily harm, an emergency guardianship can apply.
  • If financial crimes are imminent and the person cannot protect himself, an emergency injunction may be granted.
  • If someone is being abused, this is another consideration for the courts. If the guardian is abused, guardianship can be a way of removing him from the abusive situation. If the ward lives with your abuser, an emergency guardianship can get him out of harm's way.
  • If someone has dementia, Alzheimer's or another type of condition that requires immediate relocation, emergency guardianship may be needed.

How can professional document preparers help??

Again, Senior Planning cannot offer legal advice, but unless you have probate court experience, it can be an extremely complicated process. To avoid delays, mistakes should be avoided at all costs, but due to the amount of paperwork and time involved with each submission, many people unintentionally make mistakes.

You want to present the best case possible, as well as the paperwork, to the judge at your first hearing. Being forced to reschedule a hearing due to errors, omissions or oversight will likely delay your case for months. We understand that legal costs are high, which is why Senior Planning offers an affordable alternative to a lawyer. Request the information below and one of our agents will be happy to tell you how we can help.


How does guardianship work in Arizona? ›

Any person interested in the welfare of a minor may petition the court for appointment of a Title 14 guardian. A guardian may be appointed when someone other than the parent wants to be appointed by the court to take over parental responsibilities, such as decisions regarding housing, medical care, and education.

How do you declare someone incompetent in Arizona? ›

To be declared incompetent or incapacitated for the purpose of a power of attorney, the principal's physician or psychologist simply needs to perform an evaluation and issue a letter detailing the status and extent of his or her mental capacity.

What is legal guardianship for adults in Arizona? ›

In Arizona, a guardian may be appointed for an adult who is “incapacitated.” An adult is “incapacitated” when the person “is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, mental disorder, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication or other cause, except minority, to the extent ...

What is limited guardianship in Arizona? ›

A formal hearing must be started by petitioning the Court for either a limited or general guardianship. Limited guardianship - allows the guardian to only manage some of the affairs of the ward. General guardianship - gives the guardian the right to to manage all business and personal matters for the ward.

How long does guardianship last in Arizona? ›

The guardianship is granted through juvenile court. These guardianships are permanent, meaning you will keep the child in your care until he or she is either 18 years old, or there is a court order revoking the guardianship.

How much does a guardian get paid in Arizona? ›

How much does a Guardianship make in Arizona? As of Feb 15, 2023, the average annual pay for the Guardianship jobs category in Arizona is $52,812 a year. Just in case you need a simple salary calculator, that works out to be approximately $25.39 an hour. This is the equivalent of $1,015/week or $4,401/month.

Is a person with dementia considered incompetent? ›

In reality, when someone is diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or dementia, they are not immediately considered incapacitated or of unsound mind. A legal determination of whether someone is incapacitated needs to be made by a court. There is no presumption or immediate trigger based solely on a medical diagnosis.

What is mental incompetence? ›

Mental incompetence is legally defined as the inability of a person to make or carry out important decisions regarding his or her affairs. This inability prohibits an individual from consenting to their decisions and understanding their consequences.

What is a letter of incompetence? ›

A letter of competency will help dispel notions that your documents were created while you lacked the mental capacity to make sound financial and legal decisions. A letter of competency is typically written by a primary care physician who is familiar with any changes in a patient's baseline mental and physical health.

How do I become a guardian for the elderly in Arizona? ›

The guardianship process begins with a family member or friend submitting a petition to the county court. The court will schedule a hearing, and the petitioner will be required to serve notice to the elderly adult, his or her family members, and applicable agencies.

What is the right to guardianship? ›

If children are not subject to the parental responsibility of one or both of their parents, they come under guardianship. This happens for example if the parents die. The guardian then takes over responsibility for the child and has a duty to ensure the care and upbringing of the child.

What is the difference between guardianship and conservatorship in Arizona? ›

A guardian is someone who has the legal authority to care for another, and a conservator is someone who manages another's financial affairs.

Does guardianship override parental rights Arizona? ›

The appointment of a guardian does not terminate the parents' rights or affect the child's inheritance rights or affect the parent's obligation to contribute to the support of the child.

What is a Title 8 guardianship in Arizona? ›

A guardian is assigned the care, custody and supervision of a child by the court. This means the guardian has rights and responsibilities in making important decisions affecting the life of a child.

What is the difference between Title 8 and Title 14 guardianship in Arizona? ›


First, there are two forms of guardianship: Title 14, which are revocable guardianships by consent of the parent, and Title 8, which are more permanent guardianships often resulting from a dependency petition.

Can permanent guardianship be terminated Arizona? ›

A permanent guardianship can be revoked. The child, one of the child's parents, or any party who was involved in the dependency proceeding can file a petition with the court to revoke the permanent guardianship.

How much is guardianship subsidy in Arizona? ›

Cash Assistance The daily guardianship subsidy rate is $12.95 per child. Special considerations may be given when a child enters guardianship from a licensed foster home.

What is temporary guardianship in Arizona? ›

A temporary guardianship or conservatorship appointment may be requested when you need the guardian or conservator for a set period of time of no more than six months, and/or that there is an emergency that requires immediate appointment action to protect a person who cannot handle his or her own affairs, or to deal ...

How much is guardians allowance? ›

You could get Guardian's Allowance if you're bringing up a child whose parents have died. You may also be eligible if there's one surviving parent. The Guardian's Allowance rate is £18.55 a week.

What is guardian allowance? ›

Guardian's Allowance is a tax-free benefit paid to someone looking after a child whose parents have died. In some circumstances it can be paid if only one parent has died.

What is guardian payment? ›

Guardian's Payment (Non-Contributory)

This is a non-contributory payment for orphans who are not entitled to the contributory payment. The means test for this is based on the orphan's means. Payment is made to their guardian up to the orphan's 18th birthday or 22nd birthday if they are in full-time education.

Who decides if you have dementia? ›

Who can diagnose dementia? Visiting a primary care doctor is often the first step for people who are experiencing changes in thinking, movement, or behavior. However, neurologists — doctors who specialize in disorders of the brain and nervous system — are often consulted to diagnose dementia.

What is legal capacity for a person with dementia? ›

In most cases, if a person living with dementia is able to understand the meaning and importance of a given legal document, he or she likely has the legal capacity (the ability to understand the consequences of his or her actions) to execute (to carry out by signing it).

Who is responsible for someone with dementia? ›

A guardian or conservator is appointed by a court to make decisions about a person's care and property. Guardianship is generally considered when a person with dementia is no longer able to provide for his or her own care and either the family is unable to agree upon the type of care needed or there is no family.

What is evidence of lack of mental capacity? ›

Someone may lack mental capacity if they can't: understand information about a particular decision. remember that information long enough to make the decision. weigh up the information to make the decision, or.

How do you prove lack of capacity? ›

To decide whether you lack capacity, they then need to ask whether you are unable to make the decision because of a short-term or long-term condition, such as: an illness. the effects of medication. being unconscious.

How do you prove someone's mental capacity? ›

How is mental capacity assessed? The MCA sets out a 2-stage test of capacity: 1) Does the person have an impairment of their mind or brain, whether as a result of an illness, or external factors such as alcohol or drug use? 2) Does the impairment mean the person is unable to make a specific decision when they need to?

What is willful incompetence? ›

Weaponized incompetence is when a partner (often – but not always – a cisgender, heterosexual man) exaggerates their inability to perform simple tasks like cleaning, cooking or making plans, in order to shift the burden of responsibility back to the other partner (usually a woman). WATCH.

How do you write a letter of capacity? ›

What to Include in a Physician Letter of Competency
  1. Patient's name.
  2. Patient's date of birth.
  3. Date the patient-physician relationship was established.
  4. Physician's statement testifying to the patient's ability or inability to make independent decisions regarding health care, finances and legal matters.

What is an example of incompetent? ›

Example Sentences

He is too incompetent to be trusted with such an important responsibility. The patient is mentally incompetent. The defendant was declared incompetent to stand trial.

How long does it take to get guardianship in Arizona? ›

How Long Does it Take to Get Guardianship? The length of guardianship proceedings vary case to case. If nobody contests the guardianship or the petitioner's appointment, it may only take 1 – 2 months. If there are complications, it could take 3 – 4 months.

Does Arizona have filial law? ›

Family Law actions must be filed in the Superior Court of the county in which one of the spouses resides provided that at least one of the spouses has lived in Arizona for at least 90 days. If the action involves a minor child, that child must have lived in Arizona for at least 6 months prior to filing.

How do I apply for legal guardianship? ›

How do I apply in South Africa for sole guardianship? You would need to apply to the court for sole custody of your child. You may also go to the Children's Court that of the High Court. After that, the court would determine whether it is in the child's best interests.

What powers do guardians have? ›

The Guardian has the duties and powers reasonably necessary to provide adequately for the support, care, education and well being of the ward from the ward's assets or public assistance, as necessary, even to the extent of participating in legal proceedings where appropriate or advisable.

What are the principles of guardianship? ›

You must make decisions to ensure the adult: • has appropriate care, including health care and personal care • is protected from harm, neglect, abuse and exploitation • is treated with dignity and respect.

What are guardianship decisions? ›

Disputes between parents about where a child should live commonly arise. The place of residence of a child is what is known as a guardianship decision. This means that, most of the time, any move to the child's place of residence requires the consent of both parents.

What is the main difference between guardianship and POA? ›

A Power of Attorney can only be granted where the individual granting it can understand and coherently explain their wishes, whereas a Guardianship Order deals with the situation when an adult is already without capacity and cannot make decisions for him/herself.

How do you stop guardianship in Arizona? ›

Complete a Petition for Termination of Guardianship. Write neatly and use black ink. Sign the Petition in front of a notary public or a Clerk of Superior Court.

How do I start a conservatorship in Arizona? ›

A Conservator is appointed following the filing of a petition with the Probate Division of the Superior Court and a hearing before a Judge or Commissioner. The petition must tell the Court why the appointment of a Conservator is necessary, what assets may be at risk, and who is being nominated to serve as Conservator.

Can a parent change guardianship to another person? ›

There are a few different options to change the guardian on the case. Someone might want to be a co-guardian with the current guardian, or be a replacement guardian if the current guardian is unable to continue. The person who wants to be the new guardian would file a Petition for Appointment of Successor/Co-Guardian.

Do guardians have parental responsibility? ›

As mentioned above, special guardians share parental responsibility with the child's birth parents but are able to make nearly all decisions about the child without the birth parents' consent or even knowledge. As the child's primary carer they are responsible for all aspects of their wellbeing.

How do you remove someone from guardianship? ›

An application to remove a guardian may be made by any person with parental responsibility or, with leave of the court, by the child. An order may also be made by the court of its own motion in any family proceedings.

What is Title 14 guardianship in Arizona? ›

Any person interested in the welfare of a minor may petition the court for appointment of a Title 14 guardian. A guardian may be appointed when someone other than the parent wants to be appointed by the court to take over parental responsibilities, such as decisions regarding housing, medical care, and education.

What is s7 guardianship? ›

Section 7 Guardianship orders are very rare in practice. Such an order gives the guardian (usually the Local Social Services Authority) the power to: Require the person to reside at a certain place; Require the person to attend a certain place for medical treatment, occupation, education or training; and/or.

Who can be placed under guardianship? ›

Any relative or other person on behalf of a minor, or the minor himself if fourteen years of age or over, may petition for the appointment of a general guardian over the person or property, or both, of such minor.

What is guardian status? ›

Guardianship is most frequently used when relative caregivers wish to provide a permanent home for the child and maintain the child's relationships with extended family members without a termination of parental rights, as is required for an adoption.

How many types of legal guardians are there? ›

Natural guardians, 2. Testamentary guardians, and 3. Guardians appointed or declared by the court. There are two other types of guardians, existing under Hindu law, de facto guardians, and guardians by affinity.

How do I establish guardianship in Arizona? ›

To become a legal guardian in Arizona, you must file a petition with the court and attend a hearing. At the hearing, you must provide documentation to the court about the case. Only a judge can make someone a legal guardian. It must be shown that it is in the best interest of all parties involved.

What is the difference between guardianship and conservatorship in AZ? ›

A guardian is someone who has the legal authority to care for another, and a conservator is someone who manages another's financial affairs.

How do I terminate my legal guardianship in Arizona? ›

Forms requesting a termination of guardianship must be filed at the Superior Court within the county that the adult/child under guardianship has residency in. Forms to terminate guardianship are available at any of the Clerk of the Superior Court office locations; however each county may require additional forms.


1. How To Avoid Guardianship or Conservatorship in Arizona? - Arizona Lawyers - Brown & Jensen
(Brown & Jensen)
2. Arizona Minor Guardianship Packet
3. Nuts and Bolts of Standby Guardianship
(Pro Bono Net)
4. How To Avoid Guardianship or Conservatorship in Arizona - Brown & Jensen Law Firm
(Shad Brown - Estate Planning Attorney)
5. Guardianship Process for adult children and parents to get them the care they deserve
(Cortes Law Firm)
6. Guardianship For Minors | Dustin Schanaker | Fowler St Clair Attorneys Arizona
(Fowler St Clair Attorneys)


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